American Football





Basic Facts:



American Football is similar to Rugby in many ways but uses protection equipment.
The objective of the game is to score points by advancing the ball into the opposing team's end zone called a touchdown it gives 6 points. The ball can be advanced by carrying it (a running play) or by throwing it to a teammate (a passing play). Points can be scored in a variety of ways, including carrying the ball over the opponent's goal line, catching a pass thrown over that goal line, kicking the ball through the goal posts at the opponent's end zone its called a field goal and gives 3 points, or tackling an opposing ball carrier within his end zone called safety 2 points. The winner is the team with the most points when the time expires.
The Field is 120 yard long and around 50 yards wide.



Rules:



American football is a team sport where each team is aloud to have 11 players on the field at all time, with approximately 45 players as substitutes.
A game is divided in to four quarters each in 15min.
a down is an attempt to score a point. The offensive team has four downs/plays to either score a point or get the ball with control over the next yard line (a yard line = 10 yards) which gives them four new downs/plays.
If the offensive team loses the control over the ball (the defending team catches the ball, the ball land on the ground or the team member in the control of the ball gets tackle so he loses the control over the ball.) the play/down is over and the offensive team starts its next down, or is out of downs which resoles in that the defending team becomes the offensive team.




Positions



Offense:


Guard: They are defending the quarterback as well as they are tackling the defending team.
Centre: He is defending the quarterback (and he passes it to him), and he is the leaders of the front line
Tackle: they are tackling the other team
Tight End: They are on the end of the front line, and they are mix of blockers and pass receivers.
Wide Receiver: They are running on both sides of the field to catch the ball or make room for others to catch it.
Quarterback: Equal the team captain and he are usually passes the ball forward.
Liner: Is the common word for the Guards, Centre and tacklers

Defence:



Linebacker: They are defending Captains
Defensive End: They are stopping the attacking runs and attacking the passer
Cornerback: They are similar to the defensive End but they are on the corners of the field
Tackle: They are rushing the front line of the other team
Cornerback: They are trying to stop the Wide Receiver from catching the ball/ catching the ball before the Wide Receiver
Safety: They help the Cornerback to catch the ball


File:American Football Positions.png
File:American Football Positions.png

http://www.google.co.uk/imgres?imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/ee/American_Football_Positions.png&imgrefurl=http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:American_Football_Positions.png&h=335&w=604&sz=26&tbnid=1DApHEC6SQD1lM:&tbnh=75&tbnw=135&prev=/images%3Fq%3Damerican%2Bfootball%2BPositions&hl=en&usg=__zTAOpXQFvvIFolxC86yTGbJvmGs=&ei=fi6ES6jMFZH4-QafjtmFAQ&sa=X&oi=image_result&resnum=5&ct=image&ved=0CBUQ9QEwBA


Jan Stenerud:



He was the first & only Norwegian player in the NFL and AFL.
He had won the Super Bowl with Kansas City Chiefs in 1969.
In the final match he scored the first 3 goals in the match against Minnesota Vikings.
He played as Kicker


History:



American football became a sport of its own in the second half of the 19th century.
We can compeer American football with rugby in several ways, because they happened to be the same sport all the way to the 19th century. Both sports have their origins from England, but after rugby came to the States it changed to American football. This didn’t happen over night duo.
Its major changes happened when Walter Camp sat the rules for the game.
In the end of the 19th century there were several new rules that were introduced the line of scrimmage, the down and distance and the forward pass.
Professional football has been around for almost as long American football has existed. The first professional football league was the Ohio league founded in 1903, closely followed by several other small leagues. In the 1920 the leagues combined to the American Professional Football Association later renamed to National football league.



Teams:



AFL: Buffalo Bills, Miami Dolphins, New England Patriots, New York Jets, Baltimore Ravens, Cincinnati Bengals, Cleveland Browns, Pittsburgh Steelers, Houston Texans, Indianapolis Colts, Jacksonville Jaguars, Tennessee Titans, Denver Broncos, Kansas City Chiefs, Oakland Raiders, San Diego Chargers

NFL: Dallas Cowboys, New York Giants, Philadelphia Eagles, Washington Eagles, Chicago Bears, Detroit Lions, Green Bay Packers, Minnesota Vikings, Atlanta Falcons, Carolina Panthers, New Orleans Saints, Tampa Bay Buccaneers, Arizona Cardinals, St. Louis Rams, San Francisco 49ers, Seattle Seahawks

5 Famous players:

Peyton Manning (Quarterback, Indianapolis Colts)
O.J Simpson (Running Back, Buffalo Bills)
Jerry Rice (Wide Receiver, San Francisco 49ers)
Reggie White (defensive lineman, Philadelphia Eagles)
Lawrence Taylor (Linebacker, New York Giants)

Equipment:


Helmet, Butterfly restrictor, Mouthgard, Shoulder Pads, worn (shoes), Jersey/ pants, Jockstrap


Videos:




If you want to know more visit some of the links below: Sources:





Jerijaervi and Tellefsen