By: Vilde

George Walker Bush

George Walker Bush (born July 6th, 1946, New Haven, Connecticut, USA) was the 43rd President of the United States of America. He was also Governor of Texas from 1995 to 2000.

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(credit: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:George-W-Bush.jpeg)

Life

George Bush grew up in Midland and Houston (both Texan cities). He played rugby during his time at Yale University. Bush graduated from Yale with a Bachelor of Science degree in history. He also studied at Harvard Business School, mainly because the University of Texas law school turned him down. Bush joined the Texas Air National Guard in 1968 and served until 1974. In 1988 Bush got involved in his father's presidential campaign. A year later, in 1989, Bush bought the Texas Rangers and became managing partner of the team. Bush wasn't going to let this deal fail, because he "was tenacious" (http://www.angelfire.com/ok5/pearly/htmls/bush-sec5.html). The Rangers was sold ten years later for three times what Bush and his partners had paid.
On November 8 1994, Bush was elected Governor of Texas with 53% of the votes. He was elected for a second term in 1998 - this time with almost 70% of the vote - making him the first Governor to be elected in two consecutive 4 year terms in Texas history. His brother Jeb was selected Governor of Florida the same year. Bush ran for Congress in 1978, lost, and later started an oil and gas firm. It eventually went bankrupt, but Bush sold all his stocks right before that happened. Some people claims it was illegal, but as Bush's father was president at the time, the case was dropped. "When President Bush sold more than 200,000 shares in Harken Energy Corp. in June 1990, he said he did not know the company was in bad financial shape. But memos from the company shows in great detail that he was apprised of how badly the company's fortunes were failing before he sold his stock - and that he was warned by company lawyers against selling stock based on insider information," (http://www.salon.com/politics/feature/2002/07/12/harken/index.html?x).
In 2000, Bush proclaimed June 10th as Jesus Day in Texas.

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(credit: http://www.rubyan.com/politics/archives/bush-rugby.gif)

Presidency

Bush's first presidency began on January 20th, 2001. After a doubtful win in Florida, Bush was elected President of the United States in 2000; the first president in years to become president after losing the national popular vote. Al Gore, the Democratic candidate, asked for recounts in four heavily Democratic counties. Florida Supreme Court ordered, 4-3, a recount of 45,000 votes, however, the Bush campaign filed an appeal with the U.S. Supreme Court. Three days later, the court decided, 5-4, to reverse the Florida Supreme Court's recount order. Wired wrote that "Florida may have awared Bush up to 260,000 more votes than he should have received," (http://www.wired.com/politics/security/news/2004/11/65757). Florida Secretary of State Katherine Harris officially certified Bush as the winner of Florida, which gave Bush 271 electoral votes against Al Gore's 266. A candidate must receive at least 270 of the 538 votes to win the election. So, even though Gore recieved 50,999,897 of the popular vote, and Bush only 50,456,002 of the vote, George Bush became president.
On September 11th, 2001 - eight months into Bush's presidency, four American airplanes were hijacked by Islamic terrorists. Two planes crashed into the Twin Towers in New York City; a third destroyed parts of the Pentagon building outside Washington D.C.; the fourth plane crashed outside Pittsburg. It was the worst terrorist incident on U.S. soil. At the time, Bush was visiting Emma E. Booker Elementary School, Florida, and was told by White House Chief of Staff Andy Card: "A second plane hit the second tower. America is under attack." The Bush administration accused Osama bin Laden and al-Qaeda. Bush declared a global war on terrorism and that the country would not rest until “every terrorist group of global reach has been found, stopped, and defeated,” (http://www.britannica.com/bps/additionalcontent/8/398253/Document-George-W-Bush-Declaration-of-War-on-Terrorism). Bush ordered an invasion of Afghanistan the same year to overthrow the Taliban regime. In 2003, Bush ordered an invasion of Iraq, as the U.S. claimed Iraq to possess weapons of mass destruction. Bush has later been criticized for lack of evidence of Iraq's weapons of mass destruction. The Bush Administration was also accused of manipulating evidence.
Bush was re-elected as president in 2004, winning the election with 50.7% of the popular vote to Democratic Senator John Kerry's 48.3%. In late 2005, Hurricane Katrina hit southern states Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama. Bush was highly criticized for his slow and inadequate response to the disaster, becoming somewhat infamous for telling Michael Brown - the director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency - "Brownie, you're doing a heck of a job" (http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/news/releases/2005/09/20050902-2.html). Rather ironical, as Mr Brown was not doing a "heck of a job."
Though Bush was popular in the U.S. for much of his first term, his popularity dropped during his second term. Bush left office as one of the most unpopular presidents in U.S. history, reaching an all-time low approval rating of 22%.

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George and Laura Bush
(credit: http://www2.pictures.gi.zimbio.com/Texas+Rally+Welcomes+George+Bush+Back+Lone+PS4SXjRi4ngl.jpg)

Personal life

George W. Bush was born in Connecticut the 6th July 1946 by former President George Herbet Walker Bush and Barbara Bush. He is the eldest of six siblings; Pauline, Jeb, Neil, Marvin and Dorothy. Pauline died of leukemia at age three. Bush married Laura Welch in 1977, and in 1981 the couple had twin daughters; Jenna and Barbara. Barbara also attended Yale University, whilst Jenna entered the University of Texas at Austin. Bush and his wife currently live in Crawford, Texas.

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The Bush family
(credit: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bush_immediate_extended_family.jpg)

Sources
http://wesclark.com/rrr/famous.html
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http://www.angelfire.com/ok5/pearly/htmls/bush-sec5.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Governors_of_Texas
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeb_Bush
http://alaric3rh.home.sprynet.com/science/bceo.html
http://www.nytimes.com/2000/08/06/us/2000-campaign-religion-issue-bush-s-jesus-day-called-insensitive-violation-first.html?scp=1&sq=%22jesus+day%22&st=nyt
http://www.toptenz.net/top-10-closest-presidential-elections.php
http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Bush+v.+Gore
http://www.fec.gov/pubrec/2000presgeresults.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emma_E._Booker_Elementary_School
http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB80/
http://writ.news.findlaw.com/dean/20030606.html
http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,81148,00.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Criticism_of_government_response_to_Hurricane_Katrina#Federal_Emergency_Management_Agency
http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2009/01/16/opinion/polls/main4728399.shtml
http://www.famoustexans.com/georgewbush.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbara_Pierce_Bush
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jenna_Bush#Early_life_and_education